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In MQSeries 5.2 and previous releases, runmqlsr ran each inbound connection as a new thread within itself. If runmqlsr ran out of resources (memory, threads, file descriptors), then it would not accept any new connections. This massively threaded approach worked well on systems with a limited number of channels, but on very busy systems it was necessary to set up multiple listeners and balance connections across them.

The inetd daemon starts a new amqcrsta process for each inbound connection. There is no chance an amqcrsta responsible for only one channel will run out of resources, so even the busiest of queue managers requires only a single port in inetd. However, this massively unthreaded approach means that busy systems may have hundreds of amqcrsta processess, forcing administrators to increase maxuproc. Inetd has no idea when the queue manager is inactive, so it will start amqcrsta processes even when the queue manager is shut down.

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Queue Manager performance tuning is probably one of the most important things to get right when using WebSphere MQ. Sometimes it is not easy to figure out what settings would work best for your install. In this post I will take you through some of the performance settings you can use when creating your queue managers.

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